1922>

I.C.A.R.

The technical staff of KLM was transported to the new Rotterdam airfield 'Waalhaven' and would stay there for 13 years until Schiphol offered better conditions.

Aircraft maintenance was carried out at this airport, where hangars had been built, as well as housing facilities for the technical staff.

A group of aviation enthusiasts, posted at 'Waalhaven, began organising a variety of special events. They founded an association called I.C.A.R., "Internationaal Concours Aviatiek Rotterdam (The Rotterdam International Aviation Competition). The abbreviation is reminiscent of the name 'Icarus', the boy in Greek mythology who tried to fly towards the sun.

The movie shows the start of I.C.A.R, celebrating the opening of Waalhaven Airport.

Safety First

This is a 1922 newspaper-advertisement, showing the KLM slogan 'veiligheid voor alles' (safety first) and annoucing the daily services to London and Paris.

In 1922 the IATA (International Air Traffic Association) was established and made the choise for their office in the KLM building in The Hague.

From IATA a first powerfull and well fundated attempt was made to try to cooperate between the different nations in Europe after the First World War. Here people met that knew how the world should carry on: over the abysses of hate and distrust flying could build a bridge between nations and achieve understanding.

Thanks to IATA the regularity between different companies grow and airtraffic could expanse.

KLM, flying Dutchman: not a legend but reality, 1921-1922June 1st, 1922, scheduled flights to Brussels commenced. Nobody wanted to be left out of the official photo recording the event

KLM: National interest

The winter of 1921-1922 was long and severe. In january the northern islands of the Netherlands in the 'Waddenzee' got isolated and there where no means to get there. The only solution was by air.

KLM transported foodstuffs and supplies and took mail back. This task was from national interest, and the popularity of KLM grew within every month.

In this year all the foreign pilots vacated: KLM has his own pilots and aircrafts: the first Dutch pilots were Hofstra and Geysendorffer.

In 1922 Scholte, Sillevis and the famous Iwan Smirnoff joined KLM.

 

Very important for the later started airline to the west-indies would be the Thomassen a Thuessink van der Hoop, who entered service also in 1922. He was the first pilot who made the step from the airforce to the KLM. He would be acting as chief-pilot.

The technical staff was transported to the new Rotterdam airfield 'Waalhaven' (and would stay there for 13 years until Schiphol offered better conditions...) Aircraft maintenance was carried out at this airport, where hangars ad been built, as well as housing facilities for the technical staff.

A group of aviation enthusiasts, posted at 'Waalhaven, began organising a variety of special events.

Brass plates

At head office in The Hague, KLM 'administrator' Albert Plesman was hardly working on ways to stir up public enthusiasm for his company.

In one of the first campaigns in 1922, he had a small brass plates made, which bore a slogan from one of the earlier posters: 'A businessman travels, sends and receives via KLM.

Plesman supplied his staff with neat brass nails, and ordered them to hang up these brass slogans wherever possible. According to Plesman, any employee who considered this task to be demeaning, was worthless.

He carried a pocketful of the brass slogans with him wherever he went, and it is rumoured that they graced the walls of many bathing cubicles at swimming pools he frequented...

 

Brass sloganLuxury passenger cabin of the F.III

By the end of 1922, KLM had flown one million accident-free kilometers and was flying in winter, but still not on sundays.

Due to low clouds, fog, rain and storm, flying these scheduled services appeared to be quite a task in the early twenties, even with the best flying equipment available, and that was the Fokker F-III at that moment...